Important Links:

Class 10 Subjects list
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English Nelson Mandela a long walk to freedom summary  
English NELSON MANDELA LONG WALK TO FREEDOM Chapter end Question and answer






Dawned – (of a day) begin.

Besieged – to be surrounded closely

Dignitaries – a person considered to be important because of high rank or office.

Inauguration – the beginning or introduction of a system, policy, or period.

Ceremonies – a formal religious or public occasion, especially one celebrating a particular event, achievement

Sandstone – sedimentary rock consisting of sand or quartz grains cemented together, typically red, yellow, or brown in colour.

Amphitheatre – an open, circular or oval building with a central space for the presentation of dramatic or sporting events surrounded by tiers of seats for spectators

PretoriaPretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng Province, South Africa

Decades – a period of ten years.

Supremacy – the state or condition of being superior to all others in authority, power, or status.

Non-racial – not involving racial factors or racial discrimination.

Racial – relating to race.

Democratic – relating to or supporting democracy or its principles.

Accompanied – go somewhere with (someone) as a companion or escort.

Podium – a small platform on which a person may stand to be seen by an audience, as when making a speech or conducting an orchestra.

Sworn – taken oath

Constitution – a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.

Devote – give all or most of one’s time or resources to a person or activity.

Confer – here, give

Extra ordinary – very unusual or remarkable.

Humanity – human beings collectively.

Disaster – a sudden accident or a natural catastrophe that causes great damage or loss of life.

Outlaws – a person who has broken the law, especially one who remains at large or is a fugitive

Privilege – a special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group.

Possession – the state of having, owning, or controlling something.

Dignity – the state or quality of being worthy of honour or respect.

Emancipation – freedom from resriction

Liberate – set (someone) free from imprisonment, slavery, or oppression.

Bondage – the state of being a slave.






Poverty – the state of being extremely poor.

Deprivation – state of not having one’s rightful benefit

Discrimination – being treated differently or unfavourably

Oppression – the state of being subject to oppressive treatment.

Glorious – having, worthy of, or bringing fame or admiration.

Spectacular array – an impressive display, colourful and attractive

Roared – (of a lion or other large wild animal) utter a full, deep, prolonged cry.

Pinpoint – a tiny dot or point.

Precision – the quality, condition, or fact of being exact and accurate.

Demonstration – an act of showing that something exists or is true by giving proof or evidence.

Bedecked – decorate.

Unmindful – conscious of, aware of

Chevron – a pattern in the shape of a V

Trail – a mark or a series of signs or objects left behind by the passage of someone or something.

Symbolised – represent by means of symbols.

Despised – had a very low opinion

Overwhelmed – bury or drown beneath a huge mass of something, especially water.

Boer – an African farmer

Erected – put together and set upright (a building, wall, or other structure).

Domination – the exercise of power or influence over someone or something, or the state of being so controlled.

Harshest – unpleasantly rough or jarring to the senses.

Inhumane – without compassion for misery or suffering; cruel.

Overturned – tip (something) over so that it is on its side or upside down.

Regardless – despite the prevailing circumstances.

Unimaginable – difficult or impossible to imagine or comprehend.

Patriots – a person who vigorously supports their country and is prepared to defend it against enemies or detractors.

Noble – belonging by rank, title, or birth to the aristocracy.





Sacrifices – an act of slaughtering an animal or person or surrendering a possession as an offering to a deity.

Wrought – done, achieved

Apartheid – segregation on grounds other than race.

Lasting – enduring or able to endure over a long period of time.

Wound – an injury to living tissue caused by a cut, blow, or other impact, typically one in which the skin is cut or broken.

Profound – deep and strong

Brutality – savage physical violence; great cruelty.

Unintended – not planned or meant.

Generosity – the quality of being kind and generous.

Comrades – a colleague or a fellow member of an organization.

Resilience – the ability to deal with any kind of hardship and recover from its effects.

Triumph – a great victory or achievement.

Conquers – overcome and take control of (a place or people) by military force.

Grimmest – very serious or gloomy.

Glimmer – shine faintly with a wavering light.

Inclinations – a person’s natural tendency or urge to act or feel in a particular way; a disposition.

Isolated – far away from other places, buildings, or people; remote.

Inevitable – certain to happen; unavoidable.

Rebellion – an act of armed resistance to an established government or leader.

Secrecy – the action of keeping something secret or the state of being kept secret.

Abided – accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation).

Boyhood – the state or time of being a boy.

Illusion – something that appears to be real but not real

Transitory – not permanent , temporary

Mealies – a maize plant.

Yearned – have an intense feeling of longing for something, typically something that one has lost or been separated from.

Curtailed – reduced

Transformed – make a marked change in the form, nature, or appearance of.

Monk – a member of a religious community of men typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.

Virtuous – having or showing high moral standards.

Indivisible – unable to be divided or separated.

Liberated – (of a person) free from social conventions or traditional ideas, especially with regard to sexual roles.

Prejudice – a stong dislike without any good reason




Important Links:

Class 10 Subjects list
Class 10 English book wise Chapter list
English Nelson Mandela long walk to freedom summary      
English NELSON MANDELA LONG WALK TO FREEDOM Chapter end Question and answer

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